Off-Label Use of Oral Metronidazole in Dermatology | Therapeutic Cheat Sheet
by Adrianna Gonzalez Lopez, MD on
While we have an increasing armamentarium of biologic agents and targeted systemic medications for certain dermatologic conditions such as psoriasis or atopic dermatitis, treatment options are still limited for a litany of other inflammatory cutaneous disorders. Additionally, when discussing therapeutic options, patients often opt for medications that are established, safe, well-tolerated and mini …
Minoxidil for Alopecia | Therapeutic Cheat Sheet
minoxidil for alopecia
by Adrianna Gonzalez Lopez, MD on
Various forms of alopecia affect millions of individuals worldwide and its prevalence appears to be increasing.1 Hair loss often leads to significant distress and negatively impacts quality of life. Treatment often requires a multimodal approach, and patient satisfaction is highly variable. Dermatologists have limited tools in their treatment armamentarium and may often resort to off-label use of …
Hydroquinone Therapeutic Cheat Sheet
hydroquinone
by Kamaria Nelson, MD on
Hydroquinone is the most commonly used depigmentation agent and is a first-line treatment for melasma.1Hydroquinone was available previously in over-the-counter products and is currently available in prescription formulations with common concentration ranges of 0.4 to 5%. Prescription strengths available in the United States include hydroquinone 2% and 4% cream and hydroquinone 2% gel.2,3 In Septe …
Eflornithine Hydrochloride Therapeutic Cheat Sheet
eflornithine
by Emily Murphy, MD on
Millions of patients experience unwanted facial hair, severely impacting their quality of life. Laser hair removal is often the treatment of choice, but this therapy is uncomfortable, requires multiple treatments, and risks pigmentary changes. Therefore, an effective topical therapy for reduction of unwanted hair is a valuable addition to our therapeutic repertoire. We continue our series, Therape …
Acitretin for Psoriasis | Therapeutic Cheat Sheet
acitretin
by Azam Qureshi, MD on
Pustular psoriasis can present quickly and pose a life-threatening emergency. Acitretin is the only systemic retinoid FDA-approved for treatment of psoriasis, specifically both pustular and severe plaque-type psoriasis.1Systemic retinoids such as acitretin are utilized heavily in dermatology, and practitioners must be knowledgeable about all of the FDA-approved and off-label applications as well a …